At independence, Nebbi District located in the North-Western part of Uganda, was part of the then West Nile District until 1974 when it was divided into North Nile, Central Nile and South Nile Districts. South Nile became Nebbi in 1980. Nebbi lies between the latitudes 20 20’ N and 20 40’ N and longitude 310 0’0 E and 310 20’ E. It is bordered to the North by Arua District, Zombo to the west, Amuru and Nwoya to the East, Bullisia to the South-East and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the South-West. In 2010, Okoro County was split off Nebbi to form Zombo District leaving Nebbi with two counties of Jonam and Padyere. Nebbi District is currently divided into 15 Lower Local Governments i.e. 13 rural Sub-Counties, one Town Council and one Municipal Council (Wadelai, Panyango, Pakwach, Alwi, Panyimur, Akworo, Parombo, Nyaravur, Kucwiny, Ndhew, Atego Nebbi, Erussi, Pakwach Town Council and Nebbi Municipal) . There are three (3) Divisions, nine (9) Wards, 46 cells, 72 parishes, 843 villages and two (2) Town Boards of Parombo and Panyimur. The District Headquarters is located in Nebbi Municipal along Nebbi – Paidha road. There is a small airstrip (currently not in function) in Koch near Nebbi Municipal, which can be reached using commercial flights from Entebbe airport. A railway link, which has not run for along time used to link the District to the rest of Uganda Railway System.
Nebbi District has a total land area of 1984 km2 with a population of 396,794 (Male: 48.6%; Female: 51.4%), 203,820 female, 192,974 male as per the National Population and Housing Census 2014 (UBOS). The main languages are Alur and Jonam. Over 85% of the District population is engaged in subsistence farming. Much of what is produced is consumed at the household level and less than 40% is marketed. The main crops grown are cotton, coffee, simsim, sorghum, millet, sweet potatoes, beans, cassava, maize and vegetables. Argo-processing is done small scale.
According to the profiles of higher Local Governments 2009, Nebbi had a poverty head count of 51 and an average dependency ratio of 102.8. Literacy rate: 10 years and above (58.8%), Male 75.9%, Female 43.8%. The District currently has 166 Government aided primary schools with a total enrollment of 111,545. There 27 private/community schools giving a total of 193 primary schools. There are 25 Secondary Schools and five (5) units for Special Needs Education Centres across the District. There are 104 schools for Early Child Development. The District also has three (3) Business Technical Vocational Education Training Institutions (BTVET) (i.e Pacer Polytechnic, Comboni Technical – Angal and St. Timothy Vocational School in Nebbi Municipal). There is only one tertiary institution which is Uganda College of Commerce (UCC-Pakwach)
The dominant religious denominations are the Catholic and Anglican churches. However, several smaller groups also exist. About 80% of the population belongs to the Roman Catholic Church while the Anglican society accounts for about 15% and the rest of the population is in other beliefs.
Nebbi District has got 40 health facilities both public and private non for profit. There are two Hospitals, two Health Centre HIV, 16 Health Centre III and 20 Health Centre II.
There is water coverage of 68 percent as at June 2015 (MWE). The District currently has 29, 22 functional service points, kiosks and tap stands, 632 boreholes, 172 protected springs and 101 shallow wells among other technologies. The District is also served by National Water and Sewerage Corporation.The District has a feeder road network of 370.5km; 410.2km is community access roads and a total of 108.84km urban (Municipal and Town Council) road network.