At independence, Nebbi District located in the North-Western part of Uganda, was part of the then West Nile District until 1974 when it was divided into North Nile, Central Nile and South Nile Districts. South Nile became Nebbi in 1980. Nebbi is currently bordered to the North by Arua District, Zombo to the west, Pakwach to the East and South – East and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the West. In 2010, 2017 counties of Okoro and Jonam County were split off Nebbi to form Zombo and Pakwach District respectively, leaving Nebbi with one county of Padyere.
Nebbi District is currently divided into nine (9) Lower Local Governments i.e. Eight (8) rural Sub-Counties, Municipal Council (Akworo, Parombo, Nyaravur, Kucwiny, Ndhew, Atego Nebbi, Erussi, and Nebbi Municipal). There are three (3) Divisions, nine (9) Wards, 46 cells, 51 parishes, 475 villages and one (1) Town Boards of Parombo. The District Headquarters is located in Nebbi Municipal along Nebbi – Paidha road. There is a small airstrip (currently not in function) in Koch parish, Nebbi Sub County near Nebbi Municipal, which can be reached using commercial flights from Entebbe airport. The west escapement of the rift valley overlooks both the district and the municipal headquarters in Nebbi Town.
Nebbi District has a population of 238,757 (Male: 48%; Female: 52%), 124,025 female, 114,732 male as per the National Population and Housing Census 2014 (UBOS). The main languages are Alur. Over 85% of the District population is engaged in subsistence farming. Much of what is produced is consumed at the household level and less than 40% is marketed. The main crops grown are cotton, coffee, simsim, sorghum, millet, sweet potatoes, beans, cassava, maize and vegetables. Argo-processing is done small scale.
The District currently has 91 Government aided primary schools with a total enrollment of 66,279. There are 13 Secondary Schools, one (1) unit for Special Needs Education Centres and 63 Early Child Development centres. The District also has two (2) Business Technical Vocational Education Training Institutions (BTVET) (i.e Comboni Technical – Angal and St. Timothy Vocational School in Nebbi Municipal).
The dominant religious denominations are the Catholic and Anglican churches. However, several smaller groups also exist. About 80% of the population belongs to the Roman Catholic Church while the Anglican society accounts for about 15% and the rest of the population is in other beliefs.
Nebbi District has got 24 health facilities both public and private non for profit. There are two Hospitals, one (1) Health Centre HIV, nine (9) Health Centre III and 12 Health Centre II.